Hardie

Hardie Creek (flowing into Columbia Lake); Hardie Creek Road

A veritable parade of Hardie siblings lived in and/or visited the Windermere Valley from the mid 1880s into the early 1900s.

The name of the unassuming Hardie Creek, located on the west side of Columbia Lake, is a remnant of a since-forgotten English family who were well-known during the early years of valley settlement. A veritable parade of Hardie siblings lived in and/or visited the Windermere Valley from the mid 1880s into the early 1900s.

The First Hardie

The property from which Hardie Creek drains into Columbia Lake, Lot 139, had a pre-emption application filed for it in April 1885 by William Hardie.1 This makes the property the second oldest of the settler occupied properties on Columbia Lake for which a Crown Grant was eventually given (the first being Lot 48 applied for by Francis Patrick Armstrong in July 1883).2

A survey of William Hardie’s Lot 139 pre-emption. Hardie Creek is depicted by the line through the middle going into Columbia Lake. Crown Grant 963/49, William Hardie (26 May 1890), British Columbia Crown Land Grants, Vol 49 (no 0891/0049-0987/0049), 1890. Img 484 of 646.

This Hardie Creek Ranch makes an appearance in other stories of the area. For example, after spending the summer of 1885 panning for gold up Toby Creek, John Hopkins Taynton spent the winter at the Hardie ranch on Columbia Lake.3 John and his younger brother, William, later went into cattle ranching on a property just south of the Hardie ranch, on a property that later became Thunder Hill Ranch.

Florence Baillie-Grohman also mentions stopping at William Hardie’s ranch while travelling with her husband (William Adolph Baillie Grohman), in the summer of 1888, as Baillie-Grohman supervised work on the canal then being dug at Canal Flats. Florence recalls that, shortly after her arrival, Hardie delivered a large sack of potatoes and onions grown on his ranch, refusing payment when offered.4

William Hardie

Given his very general name, I wasn’t able to find a lot of information about the life of William Hardie. He was born to parents Herbert and Elizabeth in 1858 in Stockport, Cheshire, England.5 William and his twin, Herbert, were the eldest children and were christened in Buxton, Derbyshire on 14 November 1858.6

In the 1871 census Herbert is recorded as living with his parents in North Meols, Lancashire, England,7 while William was at a boarding school located in Doncaster, West Riding of Yorkshire.8 The schoolmaster at William’s boardinghouse was George Hardy, and was possibly a relative.

William disappears after this, only reappearing with that 1885 pre-emption application on Columbia Lake. He seems to have been in residence on his ranch for at least some time following, being listed as a farmer in both the 1887 and 1889 British Columbia Directories.9 His name also appears in May 1890 on a list of people entitled to vote in the East Kootenay district,10 and again on voting lists in August 1893,11 June 1894,12 and May 1898.13 He does not appear on the 1891 Canadian Census, however, and that appearance of of William’s name on the May 1898 East Kootenay voting list is the last written record found of his association with the valley (his brothers continued in the valley, but we’ll get to that).

William’s Columbia Lake property is listed as being up for sale for unpaid taxes in December 1903,14 and in 1906 is mentioned in a local newspaper as belonging to his brother, Samuel.15 It’s unclear if the latter statement is accurate.

By 1901 William was living with his wife and three children in Sussex, England.16 He again appears in Sussex with his family (this time with one more son) in 1911, at which time he is listed as a Dairy Proprietor.17 It is unknown what happened to him after this.

A Parade of Siblings

Alfred

Although it remains a mystery as to how William ended up in the Windermere Valley to begin with, his presence prompted a parade of siblings to follow him. The first recorded was Alfred (1862-?), who trained as a barrister and graduated from Cambridge in 1888 with a BA and LL B.18 Alfred filed for a pre-emption on what would become Lot 54, near the mouth of Dutch Creek, in August 1887.19

A survey map of Alfred Hardie’s Lot 54 pre-emption. The lot bordering on the north (lot 291), was purchased by his brother, Samuel. Crown Grant no 2291/74, Alfred Hardie (19 October 1894), British Columbia Land Grants Vol 74 (no 2222/0074-2316/0074), 1893-1895. Img 495 of 660.

Alfred is listed along with William as a rancher in Fairmont in the 1889 British Columbia Directory.20 Alfred is also noted in Jim McKay’s diary entry of 10 January 1890 as being en route to Golden to return to England.21 This trip resulted, on 29 March 1890, in Alfred’s marriage to Marie E Muller in Manchester.22

In his application to have the land brown granted to him in 1893, Alfred made a declaration that he “occupied in the manner prescribed by the “Land Act” the land recorded… from the time of the said record up to the present time,”23 but no other record is found of Alfred by name living in the valley after that 1890 departure. By 1911 Alfred and his wife were living with their three sons in Finchley, Middlesex, England, where he was employed as a barrister.24

Vivian

Another brother, Vivian Well (c.1866-), published his intention in November 1887 to purchase a 160 acre lot on the east side of Columbia Lake, roughly across from William’s property.25 Earlier that year William had announced his intention to purchase that same lot,26 but there is no evidence that either of these announced purchases went through. This is the only reference I was able to find of Vivian, by name, in association with the Windermere Valley. Vivian was admitted to Trinity Hall at Cambridge in April 1887, and was enrolled 1888, although he does not seem to have gained a degree.27

Samuel

The brother with arguably the longest and most involved history in the Windermere Valley was the third brother, Samuel (1859-1938). Samuel was also educated at Cambridge, although like Vivian he was not awarded a degree.28 He was married relatively young on 10 May 1884 to Annie Augusta Morgan in Wimbleton, Surrey.29

Samuel and his wife lived in Canada for at least a couple of years. Their son, Reginald Cecil Hardie, was born on 25 April 1890 in the Upper Columbia,30 and one year later all three appeared on the 1891 Canadian Census as living in the Upper Kootenay area (being the only members of the Hardie family listed on this census).31 It is likely they lived on William’s Columbia Lake ranch.

In February 1892 Samuel gave notice of his intention to purchase about 200 acres of land immediately north of Alfred’s (Lot 291).32 Combined with Alfred’s property, this became the Hardie (or Hardy) ranch at Dutch creek. From the mid to late 1890s, this was primarily a horse ranch with some cattle, for a time being operated by J.N. Robertson.33 Samuel and his family remained in the valley until sometime in 1893 when they returned to England.34

The records available make it difficult to track Samuel’s subsequent involvement in the valley: the extent to which he lived in the area or how long he was visiting for. It does not appear that his wife or son returned. Like William, Samuel is on the list of those entitled to vote in the East Kootenay in May 1890,35 August 1893,36 June 1894,37 and May 1898.38 His name also appears in the (not exactly official) British Columbia Directories for 1894,39 1895,40 and 1899-1900.41

Samuel, then remembered as, “one of the most popular ranchers of Canal Flat,” is recorded as returning to the Valley in the summer of 1897.42 The following summer, the “Messrs Hardie” sold off “the whole of their stock” from their Dutch Creek Ranch, including 100 horses.43 Following this sale, the ranch was leased short term and Samuel took a trip to England, announcing that he intended to return and, “go in for cattle on his ranch, as he is convinced there is money in it.”44 Samuel was present at a St Andrew’s Day gathering in Windermere at the end of November that year.45

Samuel continued to hold interests in the valley for some time. In the summer of 1899 he is reported as representing English capital in bonding “several very promising” mining prospects up Bruce Creek, west of Wilmer.46 His name is also listed that October on an application for a timber license to the west of Lake Windermere.47

Samuel is listed in the 1901 census as living in the household of his younger brother (Thomas), in Cheshire,48 and in Montgomery Wales in 1911 with his wife and daughter (born 1894).49 Samuel was living in St Clements Gardens in Jersey when he passed away 28 June 1938.50

George

A final brother, George, is also mentioned in connection with the ranch, beginning with his “return” to the Windermere Valley in May 1899.51 No record was found documenting when he first arrived. George is also listed in the 1900-1901 directory as living in Fairmont (along with Samuel) as a rancher.52

And Some Unnamed Sisters

Finally three of the Hardie sisters visited Fairmont from England in the summer of 1906.53 There were at least four Hardie sisters: Elizabeth (1861-?, married name Newton), Beatrice (1863-?, married name Pryce-Jones), Grace (1865-1925), and Mabel (c.1867-?).

Hardie Creek

Hardie Creek itself was named by William Hardie, as the first mention of the creek by name is in his 1885 description of the land he wanted to pre-empt.54 In context, it could therefore be argued that “Hardie Creek” was named specifically for William Hardie alone, but such early settler names for features often failed to stick. It is likely that the presence and involvement of the broader Hardie family over the next two decades helped in the name “Hardie Creek” to become thoroughly established.

The Hardie Ranch at Dutch Creek, meanwhile, came into the hands of L.S. Oulton in 1950. It was then 1050 acres. The ranch was purchased in 1962 by the Downey Brothers of Gull Lake, Saskatchewan.55

See Also

Francis Patrick Armstrong
William Adolph Baillie Grohman
Canal Flats
John and William Taynton
Thunder Hill Ranch

Footnotes

1. British Columbia. Crown Land Registry Services and the Office of the Surveyor General, Crown Grant No 963/49, William Hardie, B.C. Crown Land Grants Vol 49 (no 0891/0049-0987/0049), 1890, FamilySearch database: img 483 of 646.
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9WZ-TKFQ?cc=2052510&wc=M738-43D%3A351099401%2C351527501
2. British Columbia. Crown Land Registry Services and the Office of the Surveyor General, Crown Grant No 430, Francis Patrick Armstrong, B.C. Crown Land Grants Vol 43 (no 0416/0043-0466/0043), 1887-1891, FamilySearch database: img 119 of 416. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WZ-TQTL?cc=2052510&wc=M738-W68%3A351099401%2C351495401
3. “John Hopkins Taynton of Invermere B.C.,” Pioneer Files, Folder: Taynton. Windermere Valley Museum and Archives, Invermere B.C.
4. “Florence Baillie-Grohman – Her Unpublished Manuscript,” BC Historical News, Vol 1, No 3 (June 1968), p 17. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0190740
5. Birth Certificate for William Hardie, 1858. Birth Registration, Stockport, Cheshire, England. In “England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008,” FamilySearch database. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:26BJ-FRQ
6. Christening Records for William and Herbert Hardie, 14 November 1858. Parish Registers Baptisms, Buxton, County of Derbyshire, England, United Kingdom 1858, Vol D1751 A/Pl 5, p 13. Derbyshire Record Office England. In “England, Derbyshire, Church of England Parish Registers, 1537-1918,” FamilySearch database. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QGKZ-DQGC
7. England and Wales Census, 1871, Herbert Hardie (b 1858), High Lane, Cheshire, in entry for Herbert Hardie. In FamilySearch database. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VBNY-XTN
8. England and Wales Census, 1871, William Hardie (b 1858 in Highlane, Cheshire), in entry for George Hardy, Yorkshire West Riding, England, United Kingdom. In FamilySearch database. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KDZ5-645
9. British Columbia Directory 1887 (Victoria: Mallandaine and Williams, 1887), p 269. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0348621
Henderson’s British Columbia gazetteer and directory, 1889 (Victoria: L.G. Henderson, 1890), p 286. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0222239
10. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly. List of Persons Entitled to Vote in the East Kootenay Electoral District, 10th May 1890 (Victoria: Richard Wolfenden, Government Printer, 1890), p 597. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0062761
11. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly. List of Persons Entitled to Vote in the East Kootenay Electoral District, 28th August 1893 (Victoria: Richard Wolfenden, Government Printer, 1893), p 262. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0063397
12. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly. List of Persons Entitled to Vote in the East Kootenay Electoral District, 1st June 1894 (Victoria: Richard Wolfenden, Government Printer, 1894), p 1540. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0063461
13. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly. List of Persons Entitled to Vote in the North Riding of East Kootenay Electoral District, 20th May 1898 (Victoria: Richard Wolfenden, Government Printer, 1898), p 354. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0063929
14. “Sale of Lands for Unpaid Delinquent Taxes in the Golden Assessment District, Province of British Columbia,” The British Columbia Gazette, Vol 43, no 46 (12 November 1903), p 2562. https://archive.org/embed/governmentgazett43nogove_x5i1
15. “District Croppings,” The Outcrop (Wilmer B.C.), 6 September 1906, p 1. http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/newspapers/OTC/1906/09/06/1/Ar00105.html
16. England and Wales Census, 1901. William Hardie (b 1860 in High Lane, Cheshire), in Framfield, Sussex, England. In FamilySearch database. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XSJZ-CX2
17. England and Wales Census, 1911. William Hardie (b 1859 in High Lane, Cheshire), in Bexhill, Sussex, England. In FamilySearch database. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X7BJ-ZTT
18. J.A. Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses Part II (1752-1900), Vol III (Gail-Justamond), (London, England: Cambridge University Press, 1947), p 233. https://archive.org/embed/p2alumnicantabri03univuoft
19. British Columbia. Crown Land Registry Services and the Office of the Surveyor General, “Certificate of Pre-Emption Record,” Crown Grant No 2291/74, Alfred Hardie, B.C. Crown Land Grants Vol 74 (no 2222/0074-2316/0074), 1893-1895, FamilySearch database: img 498 of 660.
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WZ-TZYZ?cc=2052510&wc=M738-CNL%3A351099401%2C351593801
20. Henderson’s British Columbia gazetteer and directory, 1889 (Victoria: L.G. Henderson, 1890), p 286. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0222239
21. Diary Extract from Kim McKay, 1890. In John Carleton (Jock) McKay, Ann Calder’s Children (Burlington, Ontario, 1983), p 47. https://archive.org/embed/AnnCaldersChildren
22. “Marriages,” Manchester Weekly Times and Examiner (Manchester, England), 5 April 1890, p 8. https://www.newspapers.com/image/400828284
23. British Columbia. Crown Land Registry Services and the Office of the Surveyor General, “Form No 6: Land Act Declaration,” Crown Grant No 2291/74, Alfred Hardie, B.C. Crown Land Grants Vol 74 (no 2222/0074-2316/0074), 1893-1895, FamilySearch database: img 500 of 660. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WZ-TZR8?cc=2052510&wc=M738-CNL%3A351099401%2C351593801
24. England and Wales Census, 1911. Alfred Hardie (b 1862 in High Lane, Cheshire). District No 131 (Middlesex), Sub-District No 3 (Finchley), Registration District Barnet, England. In FamilySearch database. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XW4X-ZH8
25. “Land Notices,” The British Columbia Gazette, Vol 27, no 45 (18 November 1887), p 582. https://archive.org/embed/governmentgazett27nogove_p7p9
26. “Land Notices,” The British Columbia Gazette, Vol 27, no 25 (23 June 1887), p 351. https://archive.org/embed/governmentgazett27nogove_z4r7
27. J.A. Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses Part II (1752-1900), Vol III (Gail-Justamond), (London, England: Cambridge University Press, 1947), p 233. https://archive.org/embed/p2alumnicantabri03univuoft
28. England and Wales Census, 1881. Samuel Hardie (b 1860 in Marple, Cheshire). Marple, Cheshire, England. In FamilySearch database. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q272-7MS6
J.A. Venn, Alumni Cantabrigienses Part II (1752-1900), Vol III (Gail-Justamond), (London, England: Cambridge University Press, 1947), p 233. https://archive.org/embed/p2alumnicantabri03univuoft
29. England, Surrey Parish Registers, 1536-1992. Marriage of Samuel Hardie and Annie Augusta Morgan, 10 May 1884; London Metropolitan Archives, England; FHL microfilm 994,431. In FamilySearch Database. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QGZY-W4G5
30. Birth Registration, Reginald Cecil Hardie, 25 April 1890. Reg No 1890-09-281683, BC Archives.
31. Third Census of Canada, 1891. British Columbia; District 5 (Yale); Subdistrict No G (Kootenay Upper); Division No 3, 11 August 1891, p 16, Lines 12-14 (Samuel Hardy, Annie A Hardy, Reginald C Hardy). https://central.bac-lac.gc.ca/.item/?app=Census1891&op=img&id=30953_148094-00516
32. “Land Notices,” The British Columbia Gazette, Vol 32, no 9 (3 March 1892), p 294. https://archive.org/embed/governmentgazett31nogove_p7v3
33. “Columbia Valley Beef,” The Golden Era, 9 November 1895, p 1. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0227243
“Local and General,” The Golden Era, 17 June 1898, p 4. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0227369
Basil G Hamilton, “An Extended Trip,” East Kootenay Miner (Golden B.C.), 2 December 1898, p 1. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0081357
34. “Local and General,” The Golden Era, 30 July 1897, p 4. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0227252
35. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly. List of Persons Entitled to Vote in the East Kootenay Electoral District, 10th May 1890 (Victoria: Richard Wolfenden, Government Printer, 1890), p 597. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0062761
36. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly. List of Persons Entitled to Vote in the East Kootenay Electoral District, 28th August 1893 (Victoria: Richard Wolfenden, Government Printer, 1893), p 262. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0063397
37. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly. List of Persons Entitled to Vote in the East Kootenay Electoral District, 1st June 1894 (Victoria: Richard Wolfenden, Government Printer, 1894), p 1540. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0063461
38. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly. List of Persons Entitled to Vote in the North Riding of East Kootenay Electoral District, 20th May 1898 (Victoria: Richard Wolfenden, Government Printer, 1898), p 354. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0063929
39. The Williams official British Columbia directory 1894 (Victoria: The Colonist, 1894), p 82. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0222504
40. The Williams’ official British Columbia directory 1895, (Victoria: The Colonist Printing and Publishing Company, 1895), p 80. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0354332
41. Henderson’s British Columbia gazetteer and directory and mining companies, for 1899-1900, Vol 6 (Victoria: Henderson Publishing Company, 1899), p 218. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0308107
42. “Local and General,” The Golden Era, 30 July 1897, p 4. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0227252
43. “Round About the Ranches: Fairmont,” The Golden Era, 22 July 1898, p 3. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0227308
44. “Local and General,” The Golden Era, 16 September 1898, p 4. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0227101
45. “Grand Time at Windermere,” The Golden Era, 9 December 1898, p 4. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0227342
46. “Round About the Mines,” The Golden Era, 28 July 1899, p 4. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0227356
47. “Timber Licenses,” The British Columbia Gazette, Vol 39, no 46 (16 November 1899), p 1990. https://archive.org/embed/governmentgazett39nogove_y1i8
48. England and Wales Census, 1901. Samuel Hardie (b 1860 in High Lane, Cheshire), Marple, Cheshire, England, in household of Thomas Buxton Hardie. In FamilySearch database. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XS65-FYX
49. England and Wales Census, 1911. Samuel Hardie (b 1861 in Highlane, Cheshire), Montgomeryshire Wales, Sub-District (2) Towyn. In FamilySearch database. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X7J6-Z23
50. “Deaths (continued),” The Times (London, England), 4 July 1938 (issue no 48037), p 1. The Times Digital Archive, Accessed 12 July 2021. https://link-gale-com.rp.nla.gov.au/apps/doc/CS17248996/TTDA?u=nla&sid=bookmark-TTDA&xid=a80ca185
51. [no title], The Golden Era, 26 May 1899, p 4. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0227158
52. Henderson’s British Columbia gazetteer and directory and mining companies : with which is consolidated the Williams’ British Columbia directory for 1900-1901, Vol 7 (Victoria: Henderson Publishing Company, 1900), p 268. https://dx.doi.org/10.14288/1.0308102
53. “District Croppings,” The Outcrop (Wilmer B.C.), 6 September 1906, p 1. http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/newspapers/OTC/1906/09/06/1/Ar00105.html
54. British Columbia. Crown Land Registry Services and the Office of the Surveyor General, “Certificate of Pre-emption Record,” Crown Grant No 963/49, William Hardie, B.C. Crown Land Grants Vol 49 (no 0891/0049-0987/0049), 1890, FamilySearch database: img 490 of 646. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WZ-TKMX?cc=2052510&wc=M738-43D%3A351099401%2C351527501
55. “Downey Bros Buy Ranch,” The Lake Windermere Valley Echo (Invermere B.C.), 26 April 1962, p 1.

References

BC Geographical Names, “Hardie Creek,” (Flows into Columbia Lake) Accessed 19 June 2021. https://apps.gov.bc.ca/pub/bcgnws/names/6677.html

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